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Welcome to our health education library. The information shared below is provided to you as an educational and informational source only and is not intended to replace a medical examination or consultation, or medical advice given to you by a physician or medical professional.

Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are teardrop-shaped, fleshy outgrowths that lie in the nasal tissue or sinuses. They usually start growth near the tissue lining located the top of the inside of the nose called the ethmoid sinuses. Later on, they spread into the open areas near the nose. They often develop unnoticed at first; however, if left untreated, they spread and can affect nasal passages and cause breathing difficulties. They can also lead to a loss of the sense of smell, frequent sinus infections and other problems.

Nasal polyps can affect anyone, although adults — particularly those with asthma, frequent sinus infections and allergies — are more at risk of having it. In children, those with cystic fibrosis often develop this condition.

What causes nasal polyps?

Nasal polyps are merely a reflection of inflammation, although there may be a family history of the problem. Although they are generally noncancerous, the doctor may perform a biopsy of the polyp to ensure that it is not a cancer. Medications can alleviate the condition or lessen the size of nasal polyps, but, surgery is sometimes necessary to remove them. Nasal polyps can return even after successful treatments nevertheless.

Who are at risk for nasal polyps?

Those at risk of getting nasal polyps include individuals who have:

  • Chronic rhinosinusitis
  • Asthma
  • Aspirin intolerance
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Kartagener’s syndrome
  • Young’s syndrome
  • Churg-Strauss syndrome
  • Nasal mastocystosis

What are the symptoms of nasal polyps?

  • Breathing through the mouth
  • Altered speech
  • Diminished or total loss of sense of smell
  • Runny nose
  • Headaches

What is the treatment for of nasal polyps?

  • Nasal steroid sprays may alleviate nasal blockage but symptoms often return once treatment is stopped. Other medications used include corticosteroid in liquid or pills form
  • Surgery. Surgical removal of polyps often improves the condition, however, there remains a strong possibility that it will return. Also, reduced or lost sense of smell does not always improve following treatment. As in any surgery there is a risk of bleeding and infection. Surgery as mentioned earlier, is not a guarantee that the polyps will not recur.

For innovative, state-of-the art facial plastic and ENT surgical care, come to SoCal ENT. To schedule your one-on-one consultation with Dr. Namazie, please call us at 818.986.5500, or you can use our online Request an Appointment form.

 

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